I will made a brief review of the greatest works of professional astronomers
which were women Ч the works that determined all the development of the astronomical
picture of the world. Starting from the fundamental catalogues by Carolina Herschel,
women-astronomers propagated the most laborious but also the most necessary astronomical
surveys. Basic physical principles of the spectral classification of stars were founded by
Antonia Maury and Annie J. Cannon, a key distance indicator Ч period-luminosity relation for Cepheids Ч
was discovered by Henrietta S. Leavitt. The bold revelation of the dominant role of hydrogen
in stars and in the Universe as a whole belongs to Cecilia Payne. The second half of
the 20th century was strongly marked by the discovery of pulsars (neutron stars) by Jocelin Bell
and by inventing evolutionary synthesis of integrated spectra of galaxies by Beatrice Tinsley.
All these genius contributions into astronomy are first of all individual women achievements
revealing mightiness of their intellect.
Sternberg Astronomical Institute is a well-known astronomical institute not only in Moscow but in Russia and other countries. It is one of the departments of
Lomonosov Moscow State University. 157 scientists from more than 20 laboratories and
departments do their research in all fundamental fields of astronomy like stellar
astrophysics, stellar astronomy, radioastronomy, galaxy and solar physics, lunar and planetary studies, relativistic astrophysics etc. 47 scientists are women, among them 33 are PhD and 7 are HDr.
41 girls-students study astronomy at the Faculty of Physics (from 112 students in total) and 6
PhD students. The Division of Astronomy includes 3 departments: 22 teachers, including 2 women. A few women-astronomers have been awarded for their achievements. A few minor
planets are named in honor of our women-scientists.
Approximate gravitational potentials are often used to describe
analytically the motion of particles near black holes (BHs), as well as
to study the structure of an accretion disk. Such "pseudo-Newtonian"
potentials are used with the flat-metric equations. Here we consider the
motion of a free particle near a non-rotating BH in the context of an
exact "logarithmic" gravitational potential. We show how the logarithmic
potential gives an exact solution for a mechanical problem and present
the relativistic Bernoulli equation for the fluid in the Schwarzschild metric.
In the coming decade the large astronomical surveys will discover the millions of transients raising unprecedented data challenges in the process. Only the use of the machine learning algorithms can process such an amount of the data. Most of the discovered transients will belong to the known classes of astronomical objects. However, it is expected that some transients will be rare or completely new events of unknown physical nature. The task of finding them can be framed as an anomaly detection problem. We search for unusual light curves within the Open Supernova Catalog. Among the detected anomalies there are four superluminous supernovae, non-classical Type Ia SNe, two unusual Type II SNe, one active galactic nucleus SN2006kg, and one binary microlensing event Gaia16aye. We also find that 16 anomalies classified as supernovae in the literature can actually be stars or quasars. Our proposed pipeline represents an effective strategy to guarantee we shall not overlook exciting new science hidden in the data we fought so hard to acquire.
The announcement of official results of contest for women-astronomers, students of Sternberg Astronomical Institute of Moscow State University
The winner is Dr. Zhanna Rodionova
Exhibition of books, manuals, catalogues prepared by women-astronomers of Sternberg Astronomical Institute in different years (hall in front of the library)
Exhibition of posters presented by women-astronomers of Sternberg Astronomical Institute at the different conferences during the last year (first floor)
Tea Ч Coffee party
Provided by T. Birulya and V. Esipov
Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Universitetskiy av. 13, Moscow 119234, Russia